What are high frequency words?
High frequency words (also called sight words) are irregular words in which "some or all of the letters do not represent their most commonly used sound" (Vaughn & Linan-Thompson, 2004). In other words, high frequency words cannot be sounded out. High frequency words need to be carefully introduced, explicitly taught, and reviewed. Be sure to teach sight words in context, rather than exclusively in isolation, by using phrases, sentences, decodable books, or poems.




30 High Frequency Words

the
to
was
of
is
two
you
one
they
would
there
too
said
were
are
because
what
should
his
do
some
as
could
put
people
know
your
mother
who
whose
Moats (2000). p. 189

Activities
Activity: Mystery Word

This activity can be used with the whole class to review high frequency words previously introduced and taught. It can also be used as an intervention activity to practice certain high frequency words a student or small group of students are struggling with.

Objective: Students will practice identifying high frequency words.
Materials:
  • high frequency words* for demonstration (flashcards, Smart Board, word wall, etc.)
  • worksheet for each student with high frequency words*
  • writing utensils (crayon, marker, pencil, highlighter, bingo dauber, etc.)
Procedure:
  1. Review the words by having students echo read the words on the worksheet while tracking with their finger.
  2. Fan the flashcards out face down and have a student tap a card. Do not show students the tapped card, this card is the mystery word. Set the card aside.
  3. Choose a card, show students the word and read it to them.
  4. Students find the matching word on their worksheet and color, circle, or highlight it.
  5. Continue through the cards, except for the mystery word.
  6. Ask students, "What is the mystery word?" Students read the last word they have left. The last word left should match the mystery word card that was set aside.

*The high frequency words for demonstration must match the words on the student worksheet.


Materials
Flyswatters
Buy two flyswatters at the dollar store to play the flyswatter game. You can use this game to practice shapes, colors, letters, letter sounds, numbers, and sight words. All you need are two flyswatters and a set of flashcards (it's fun to put them on bug paper or put bug stickers on the cards, but not necessary). Students take turns with the flyswatters, you call out a shape, color, letter, letter sound, number, or sight word and they swat it. Both students have to swat and read the correct card before the next two students take their turn. Once you have played this game together many times it can be used as a center.


Websites
Sing Sight Words
Click on 'Learn to Spell Sight Word Songs' for lyrics and music to singing the spelling of sight words with 1-6 letters.
Sing Number Words
This is another link to Mrs. Jones Room. There are songs for singing numbers 1-10.
Mrs. Perkins' Dolch Words
Mrs.Perkins' Dolch Words is a website dedicated to providing teachers and parents with everything they need to teach the 220 Dolch sight words to their children.
  • Printable word list pages (pre-primer, primer, first, second, and third grade)
  • Printable flashcards
  • Dolch phrases
  • Activities, games, worksheets, and assessments
Sight Words and Phrases with sound



Interactive White Board Activities
Listen and Match (List 1)

Listen and Match (List 2)

Listen and Spell Game (List 1)

Listen and Spell Game (List 2)